Retirement Planning for Senior Citizens| RetyrSmart

Don’t let these mistakes ruin your Retirement

These are common mistakes most of us make with our investments. But they have the power to ruin your retirement. Here is a timely reminder of what to look out for as it would best apply to where you reside. Readers can make a note of these and see how best they can avoid making them. Team RetyrSmart

Don’t let these mistakes ruin your retirement

Steps to ensure you money doesn’t run out during retirement.

Outlined are 10 mistakes retirement savers frequently make, as well as some tips on avoiding them.

Mistake #1: Saving too little

The number one reason most people miss their retirement goal is because they don’t save enough.

No rocket science here. You can’t save like a pauper and then expect to live like a prince in retirement.

10X offers one simple retirement solution to all of its clients. The basics of the 10X model for a successful retirement is that people should save 15% of their gross salary throughout their working life (an average of 40 years) and invest in a balanced high equity fund that charges low fees.

Mistake #2: Paying high fees

Fees matter a lot more than most people imagine. In the context of a 6.5% real return (ie after inflation), every 1% paid in fees reduces the return by more than 15%. If investors are paying 3% in fees the return will be reduced by 45%, which means that more than half of the real annual return is lost to fees.

When the effect of compounding, where you earn a return on your return, is included the negative impact can be devastating.

I urges investors to understand the fees they are paying, and to look for a low-cost provider that charges no more than 1% in total annual fees.

Mistake #3: The wrong asset mix

Choosing an asset mix that mirrors personal risk tolerance, such as conservative or risk averse, but is not appropriate for the investment time horizon can dramatically damage a retirement outcome.

It is critical to grow your savings at a high rate for the majority of your savings period, which is why you should be invested in a high equity fund. A lower growth portfolio would be insufficient in the context of a 40-year savings plan, based on a 15% savings rate.

A life-stage solution, where one can automatically be switched to the appropriate portfolio as the time horizon changes, is a simple and effective solution.

Mistake #4: Investing in an underperforming (actively-managed) fund

With actively managed funds you have a very small chance of choosing a winner, while an index fund ensures that the saver earns the average market return.

When it comes to retirement investing, it is more important to eliminate the downside risk and reach the minimum savings goal than to entertain upside risk in the hope of overshooting the savings goal. No one should be gambling with something as important as their retirement savings.

Mistake #5: Emotional switching

Chopping and changing funds or asset classes, especially during periods of market turbulence, often leads to buying high and selling low.

Investors should rather stick to their plan and avoid the temptation to switch or try to time the market.

Mistake #6: Inadequate diversification

If you are over-invested in one asset class or security, you assume concentration risk, the risk that one investment will have a disproportionate impact on your savings outcome. As a retirement investor, you cannot afford the downside risk as it may ruin your pension.

Remember, it’s about reaching your goal with the lowest possible risk; it is not about speculating your way to a dream existence.

Savers should invest in various asset classes (equities, bonds, property and cash), each providing exposure to many different underlying securities, held across different currencies (local and international) and regions (e.g. developed and emerging countries).

Mistake #7: Saving outside retirement funds

Tax-free deductions and investment returns can potentially increase the value of your retirement savings by up to 30%. And you score again because your retirement income is almost always taxed at a lower average rate than the marginal tax you saved on your contributions. Other savings vehicles, such as bank accounts, stockbroker accounts and unit trusts, do not offer this tax advantage.

Mistake #8: Starting to save too late

Few people in their 20s worry about retirement but, ideally, we should start saving towards retirement from our first pay cheque. We should keep it up throughout our working life (around 40 years on average).

It is important to remember that contributions are only one source of your future retirement income; the other is the net investment return you earn on your contributions.

The sooner you start contributing to your retirement fund, the longer your money has to grow.

Initially, the returns add only a little to your total pot, but once compounding (earning a return on your return) kicks in, the growth will pick up and continue building momentum.

The effect is much like a snowball rolling down a mountain, until the compounded investment return totally overwhelms your contributions.

Mistake #9: Cashing in savings on changing jobs

Not preserving what has already been saved is a very common mistake in South Africa: up to 80% of fund members have at some point cashed out their savings when they changed jobs.

Not preserving is like starting late: people lose not just the accumulated savings, but the return on those savings for the remainder of the savings term. The foregone return becomes a big number when a fund is cashed in 30 years ahead of time. Cashing in isn’t king.

Mistake #10: Underestimating how much money is required

Using a quality retirement calculator (based on accurate inputs and assumptions) provides a good sense of where savers stand relative to their goal, and what they could do to improve their savings outcome.

When it comes to retirement planning, various factors are beyond your control, such as the macroeconomic environment and stock market performance, which makes it even more important to understand and control the many factors that you can.”.